FALL OF MAN
Men, without exception, are inclined to repel evil and to pursue
goodness. But men, unconsciously driven by an evil force, repel the
goodness desired by their original minds and perform evil acts which
they do not really want to do. In Christianity, this evil force is
known as "Satan". Because man does not know the real nature and origin
of Satan, he has been unable to liquidate the force of Satan. In order
to eradicate the source of evil, end the sinful history of mankind,
and establish an era of goodness, we first must clarify the motivation
of Satan and the nature of his being. In order to do this, we must
study the "Fall of Man".
SECTION I--THE ROOT OF SIN
Until the present era, not a single man has known the root of sin.
Christians have believed that Adam and Eve, the first man and the
first woman, ate the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and
Evil, and that this act was the root of sin. There are a number of
believers who assume that the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of
Good and Evil is the fruit of an actual tree, while others believe
that the fruit is a symbol. Such diverse opinions lead to differing
interpretations and, hence, to confusion.
1. THE TREE OF LIFE AND THE TREE OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND EVIL
Many Christians to this day believe that the fruit which caused Adam
and Eve to fall was literally the fruit of a tree. But how could
God--the Parent of man--make a fruit so tempting (Gen. 3:6) that His
children would risk falling in order to eat it? How could He have
placed such a harmful fruit where His children could reach it so
Jesus said, "Not what goes into the mouth defiles a man, but what
comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man." (Matt. 15:11). Then how
could the food which man eats cause him to fall? The original sin of
man has been inherited from the first man and the first woman. How
could something edible be the source of that sin or the cause of
transmitting that original sin to the children? That which is
inherited is passed on through the blood lineage. What a man has eaten
cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next.
There are many who believe that God created the fruit of the Tree of
the Knowledge of Good and Evil and commanded man not to eat
of it in order to test man's obedience to Him. We must ask: would a
God of Love test man so mercilessly by a means that could cause his
death? Adam and Eve knew they would die when they ate the fruit, for
God had told them. Yet they ate it. We cannot understand why Adam and
Eve, who were far from starvation, would disobey God's command at the
risk of their lives. The fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good
and Evil must have been so extraordinarily stimulating and so ardently
desired that fear of punishment--even death--could not deter them from
If the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil was not a
material fruit, but a symbol, what does this symbol represent? To
answer this question let us begin with an examination of the Tree of
Life, which grew in the Garden of Eden along with the Tree of the
Knowledge of Good and Evil (Gen. 2:9). When we grasp the true
character of the Tree of Life, we will also know the nature of the
Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.
(1) The Tree of Life
According to the Bible, the hope of fallen man lies in the Tree of
Life, that is, in becoming a Tree of Life. Israelites of the Old
Testament looked toward the Tree of Life as their ultimate hope (Prov.
13:12). The hope of Christians from Jesus' day to the present time has
been directed toward the Tree of Life (Rev. 22:14). Since the ultimate
hope of fallen man is the Tree of Life, we can conclude that the hope
of Adam before his fall was also the Tree of Life.
Why can we conclude that the hope of Adam was to attain the Tree of
Life? Genesis 3:24 says that after Adam committed sin, God placed
cherubim and a flaming sword to guard the Tree of Life. Due to his
fall, Adam was driven from the Garden of Eden (Gen 3:24) without
having attained the Tree of Life. Ever since then, fallen man
has set his hope upon attaining what Adam failed to attain--the Tree
What must Adam have hoped while he was in the process of growing to
perfection? He hoped to reach perfect manhood without falling and thus
fulfill God's ideal of creation. So we can now understand the
importance of the Tree of Life as "manhood fulfilling the ideal of
creation", as perfected Adam. The Tree of Life represents perfected
Had Adam attained the Tree of Life, all his descendants also could
have attained the Tree of Life and thus they could have realized the
Kingdom of Heaven on earth. But Adam fell and God placed the flaming
sword at the entrance of the Garden to guard it. So the Tree of Life
remains the hope of fallen man, who is trying to restore the ideal of
Why is the quest to attain the Tree of Life so difficult that none
have attained it? Fallen man, burdened with original sin, cannot
achieve that goal by his own ability alone. A man who has fulfilled
the ideal of creation on earth must come and draw all fallen men to
himself in harmonious oneness (Rom. 11:17). Such a man must come to
show fallen men the way. Jesus came as the Tree of Life to fulfill the
hope of the Old Testament saints, who had waited for his advent (Prov.
Acts 2:4 states that the saints, on the day of Pentecost, could
receive the Holy Spirit, through whom all mankind might come to Jesus,
the Tree of Life, and be joined with him. This would happen only after
the distribution of the "tongues as of fire", that is, the sword of
fire, which guards the way to the Tree of Life. In this way only are
Christians spiritually joined with Jesus. Thus, no matter how devout
their faith in Jesus, parents cannot but give birth to sinful
children, who are required to undergo the redemption of sins. We know
that even the most pious saints have not been able to remove the
original sin; therefore, even they must transmit this sin to
their children (cf. Part I, Ch. 4, Sec. I--140).
Therefore, Christ must come again on earth as the Tree of Life to
carry out the providence of the redemption of mankind from original
sin by grafting men to himself. This is the reason that the saints of
the New Testament Age wait for the Tree of Life recorded in Revelation
22:14, which is, in fact, the Lord of the Second Advent.
We can understand that the purpose of God's providence of salvation is
to restore the Tree of life which was lost in the Garden of Eden (Gen.
2:9), to the Tree of Life mentioned in Revelation 22:14. Because of
the fall, Adam could not attain the first Tree of Life. Therefore,
Christ must come again as the last Adam (Rev. 22:13) in order to save
fallen man. It is for this reason that Christ is called the "last
Adam" (I Cor. 15:45).
(2) The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
God created Adam, and He also created Eve as Adam's spouse. Thus, when
we find in the Garden of Eden a tree symbolizing manhood, we know
there must be another tree symbolizing womanhood. The Tree of the
Knowledge of Good and Evil, which was described as standing with the
Tree of Life (Gen. 2:9), was thus the symbol of Eve.
The Bible refers to Jesus as the vine (John 15:5), or the olive tree
(Rom. 11:17). Likewise, Adam and Eve are represented by two trees.
2. THE TRUE NATURE OF THE SERPENT
In the Bible we read that the serpent tempted Eve to sin (Gen. 3:4-5).
What does this serpent signify? The answer is found by studying the
true character of the serpent in the third chapter of Genesis.
The serpent described in the Bible could converse with man. Moreover,
he caused the fall of man, who is a spiritual being. Therefore, the
serpent also must have been a spiritual being. He knew God's intention
to prohibit man from eating the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of
Good and Evil. This tells us decisively that the serpent was
In Revelation 12:9 we read further that the "great dragon was thrown
down, that ancient serpent", who is called the devil by some, and
Satan by others. This "ancient serpent" was the same one which tempted
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. This serpent is called the devil
and Satan who, as we know, has constantly directed the human mind
toward evil. Therefore, Satan must be a spiritual being. If the devil
is spiritual, the serpent symbolizing the devil also must be
spiritual. So we are assured that the serpent which tempted the first
man and the first woman was not an animal but was a spiritual being.
A question we must resolve, then, is whether the serpent existed
before the time of the creation or was formed at the creation. If this
serpent was a being in existence before creation with a purpose
contrary to that of God, the struggle between good and evil in the
world would be inevitable and eternal. God's providence of
restoration, then, would come to naught; and monism, the belief that
all things were created by one God, would be disproven. We cannot
avoid the conclusion, therefore, that the spiritual being, likened to
a serpent, was a being originally created for the purpose of goodness
who later fell and was degraded to become Satan.
What kind of spiritual being could have conversed with man, known
God's will, lived in heaven (the world of spirit), and could dominate
the human soul, transcendent of time and space, even after this
being's fall and degradation? There is no being endowed with such
characteristics except an angel. The serpent, then, must have
been a figurative term for an angel. We read in II Peter 2:4 that God
did not spare the angels when they sinned but cast them into hell. So
we must conclude that the true nature of the serpent, which tempted
man to sin, was that of an angel.
The serpent's tongue is split in two. This symbolizes a man or being
which utters two different things with one tongue, a being which lives
a double life with one heart. The serpent is also the symbol of one
who induces others to sacrifice themselves for his own benefit. The
serpent twists its body around the prey, and then devours it. For
these reasons, the Bible likened the angel which tempted man to a
3. THE FALL OF THE ANGEL AND THE FALL OF MAN
Now we know that the serpent which tempted man to fall was an angel,
and that this angel, having fallen into sin, became Satan. Let us
further investigate what kind of sin the angel and (the) man
(1) The Crime of the Angel
Jude 1:6-7 reads:
And the angels that did not keep their own position but left
their proper dwelling have been kept by him in eternal
chains in the nether gloom until the judgment of the great
day; just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities,
which likewise acted immorally [committed fornication] and
indulged in unnatural lust, serve as an example by
undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.
From this we can reason that the angel fell as the result of an
immoral act of unnatural lust, and that act was fornication.
Fornication is a crime which cannot be committed by one person alone.
Therefore, we must know with whom the angel committed fornication in
the Garden of Eden. In order to know that, let us first
investigate what kind of crime was committed by man.
(2) The Crime of Man
In Genesis 2:25 we read that Adam and Eve were naked, and were not
ashamed of their nakedness. But, after the fall, they became ashamed
of their nakedness and sewed fig leaves together into aprons to cover
their lower parts (Gen. 3:7). If they had committed sin by eating an
actual fruit of a "tree of the knowledge of good and evil", they would
have concealed their hands and mouths instead. It is the nature of man
to conceal an area of transgression. They covered their sexual parts,
clearly indicating that they were ashamed of the sexual areas of their
bodies because they had sinned through them. From this we know that
they committed sin through the sexual parts of their bodies.
In Job 31:33 it is written: "If I have concealed my transgressions
from men, by hiding my iniquity in my bosom...". Adam concealed his
transgression by covering the sexual part of his body after the fall.
This again indicates that the sexual part of Adam's body was the area
of transgression. Thus we must conclude that Adam's sexual part became
the place of transgression, because Adam committed sin through that
In the world before the fall of man, what act could man have performed
at the risk of his life? It could be nothing else but an improper act
of love. From the viewpoint of God's creation, love should be the most
precious and holy act in the world. Nevertheless, men since the fall
have often regarded the act of love as despicable, because love was
the very cause of the human fall. This further demonstrates that man
fell because of fornication.
(3) The Act of Adultery between the Angel and Man
Thus far, we have clarified the fact that man was tempted by an angel
and fell. Both man and the angel fell because of fornication. In the
world of creation, men and angels are the only spiritual beings
capable of having a relationship of love. From the above, we can
conclude that there must have been some act of adultery between man
and the angel.
John 8:44 says, "You are of your father the devil, and your will is to
do your father's desires.". Again, Revelation 12:9 clarifies that the
devil is Satan, and that Satan is the "ancient serpent" which tempted
man. From these Biblical verses we can assert that man is the
descendant of the devil and, naturally, the descendant of Satan; and
thus, he is the descendant of the serpent. What were the circumstances
surrounding the affair which made man the descendant of the fallen
angel, Satan? These circumstances are related to the fact that
adultery was committed between the first human ancestors and the
angel. From this act, all men came to be born of Satanic lineage,
apart from God's. In Romans 8:23, it says:
...we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit,
groan inwardly as we wait for adoption as sons, the
redemption of our bodies.
In Matthew 3:7, John the Baptist reproached the faithless people,
calling them a "brood of vipers"--sons of Satan. Again, in Matthew
23:33 Jesus rebuked the Jews, saying, "You serpents, you brood of
vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell?".
From these Biblical references we can ascertain that there was an
adulterous relationship between the angel and man, and this became the
cause of the fall of man.
4. THE FRUIT OF THE TREE OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND EVIL
We have previously clarified the fact that the tree of the Knowledge
of Good and Evil is Eve. What then does the fruit of the tree
symbolize? It symbolizes Eve's love. Just as a fruit tree multiplies
by the fruit which contains its seed, Eve should have multiplied
children of goodness through her love centered on God. But instead,
Eve multiplied children of evil through her love centered on Satan.
Eve was created to become perfect through the period of growth she
could bear either good fruit or bad fruit through her love.
Consequently, her love was called "the fruit of the Tree of the
Knowledge of Good and Evil", while she herself was called "the Tree of
the Knowledge of Good and Evil".
Then, what did the act of eating the fruit of the Tree of the
Knowledge of Good and Evil signify? When we say we eat something, it
means that we make it into our blood and flesh. Eve should have
multiplied children of good lineage through her blood and flesh of
goodness derived from the good "fruit" she ate in her love centered on
God. Instead, she produced a sinful world by multiplying children of
bad lineage through her blood and flesh of evil derived from the evil
"fruit" she ate in her love centered on Satan. Accordingly, Eve's
having eaten the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
signifies that she had a blood relationship with the angel (Satan)
through her evil love centered on him.
Genesis 3:14 states that God cursed the fallen angel, saying he should
go upon his belly and should eat dust all the days of his life. "Upon
your belly you shall go" means that the angel becomes a miserable
being, unable to function properly according to the original way of
creation. To have to "eat dust" means that he has to live by receiving
evil vitality elements from the sinful world, deprived of the right to
have elements of life from God, since he was thrown down from
heaven (Is. 14:12, Rev. 12:9).
5. THE ROOT OF SIN
According to what has been elucidated by the Bible, we have come to
understand that the root of sin is not that the first human ancestors
ate a fruit, but that they had an illicit blood relationship with an
angel symbolized by a serpent. Consequently, they could not multiply
the good lineage of God, but rather multiplied the evil lineage of
Furthermore, there is another fact which demonstrates clearly that the
root of man's sin stems from adultery. It is because the root of sin
began by a blood relationship that the original sin is transmitted
from generation to generation. Every religion which teaches how to
eliminate sin has called adultery the greatest sin, and has emphasized
an ascetic life in order to prevent it. This also demonstrates that
the root of sin lies in adultery. The Israelites were circumcised as a
condition of redemption to become God's elect, because the root of sin
lay in having received evil blood because of adultery, and they wanted
to sanctify themselves to make a condition that the evil blood be
removed from their flesh as fallen men.
The principal cause of the downfall of numerous nations, national
heroes and patriots, was adultery, because the urge to commit
adultery, the root of sin, was always at work in the mind of man
without his being conscious of it. We may be able to eradicate all
other sins by elevating the ethics and the morality of man through
religion, education, and improvement of the economic and social
system. But in present conditions no one can prevent the crime of
adultery, which has become increasingly prevalent as the development
of civilization makes human life easier and more indolent. Therefore,
we can never expect the ideal world to be established unless we can
eradicate the source of this crime. Accordingly, the Lord of
the Second Advent must be able to solve this problem completely. All
these facts prove that the root of sin lies in adultery.
SECTION II--THE MOTIVATION AND PROCESS OF THE FALL
We have already clarified in Section I the fact that the serpent was
an angel who caused Eve to fall. Since the motivation of the human
fall lay within the angel, we must know something about the angel
before we can really know the motivation and process of the fall.
1. THE CREATION OF THE ANGEL, HIS MISSION, AND HIS RELATIONSHIP TO MAN
All beings were created by God. The angels were no exception. God
created the angelic world before anything else. Genesis 1:26 records
the story of creation: "Let us make man in our image, after our
likeness", putting the first person in the plural. This is not because
He was speaking as a trinity, as many theologians have interpreted,
but because He was speaking to the angels, who had been created before
man (Gen. 1:26).
God created the angels as servants who were to assist in the creation
of the universe, and in His dispensation for it (Heb. 1:14). The
angels conveyed to Abraham the important words of blessing from God
(Gen. 18:10), heralded Mary's conception of Christ (Matt. 1:20, Luke
1:31), and unchained Peter and led him out of prison (Acts 12:7-11).
We can find numerous examples in the Bible of the angels working for
God. In Revelation 22:9 the angel calls himself a "servant", while in
Hebrews 1:14, angels are said to be "ministering spirits". Again, we
may find in many biblical verses solid proof of the angels
having been created to honor and praise God (Rev. 5:11-12, 7:11-12).
Let us now investigate the relationship between man and angels,
according to the principle of creation. Since God created men as His
children, giving them dominion over all creation (Gen. 1:28), man was
supposed to dominate the angels, too. I Corinthians 6:3 says that man
has the authority to judge the angels. Many who communicate with the
spirit world frequently see angels ministering to the saints in
Paradise. This, too, is a good example illustrating that angels
minister to men.
2. THE SPIRITUAL FALL AND THE PHYSICAL FALL
Since God created man in spirit and flesh, the fall also took place in
spirit and flesh. The fall through the blood relationship between the
angel and Eve was the spiritual fall, while that through the blood
relationship between Eve and Adam was the physical fall.
How could there be a sexual relationship between the angel and man?
Feelings and sensations are felt and responded to in the invisible, or
spirit world. Contact between a spirit and earthly man (who has a
spirit) is not very different from contact between two earthly human
beings. Therefore, sexual union between a human being and an angel is
We can understand what has been said here even more clearly through
the following stories. There are recorded instances in human society
of an earthly man leading a married life with a spirit. There is the
story of the angel who, in wrestling with Jacob, touched the hollow of
his thigh and put it out of joint (Gen. 32:25). Still another story is
about the angels who appeared in Abraham's home and ate the meat and
other food he had prepared for them (Gen. 18:7-8), and the two angels
visiting Lot who ate the unleavened bread he baked for them.
The men of the city, excited in sexual desire upon seeing them,
surrounded the house and called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to
you tonight? Bring them out to us, that we may know them." (Gen.
19:5). These incidents illustrate the possibility of contact between
men and angels.
(1) Spiritual Fall
God created the angelic world (Gen. 1:26) and put Lucifer (signified
by "Day Star, son of Dawn", Is. 14:12) in the position of archangel.
Lucifer was in a position to monopolize God's love as the mediator
between God and the angelic world, just as Abraham was the channel for
God's blessing to the Israelites. However, God, after creating men as
His children, loved them much more than He loved Lucifer, who had been
created as His servant. In fact, Lucifer received the same amount of
God's love as he had before the creation of man, but when he saw that
God loved Adam and Eve more, he felt that God loved him less than
before. This situation is similar to the biblical story of the
laborers who had begun working early in the morning; seeing that those
who were hired late and worked little received the same wage as they,
they felt underpaid, although they received the promised amount (Matt.
20:1-15). Lucifer, who felt a decrease of love, tried to tempt Eve to
submit to him in order that he might enjoy the same position in human
society that he did in the angelic world. This was the motivation of
the spiritual fall.
All things were created to receive God's dominion through love.
Therefore, love is the source of life and the essence of happiness;
love is the ideal of all creation. Accordingly, the more one receives
God's love, the more beautiful he or she becomes. So it was very
natural that Eve looked most beautiful in Lucifer's eyes. Moreover,
when Eve was susceptible to his temptation. Lucifer was strongly
stimulated by an impulse of love toward Eve. At this point, Lucifer
dared to seduce Eve at the risk of his life. Lucifer, who
left his position due to excessive desire, and Eve, who desired to
have her eyes opened like God's through a sexual relationship before
she was ready for it, thus formed a reciprocal base and had sexual
intercourse with each other through their give and take action (Gen
3:5-6). Since the power of love derived from their give and take
action was not based on the Principle, they fell into an illicit
relationship of spiritual love.
According to the principle that men were created to exchange elements
with the objective being with whom they have become one body through
love, Eve received certain elements from Lucifer when she joined into
one body with him through love. First, she received from Lucifer the
sense of fear, which came from his guilty conscience because of their
violation of the purpose of creation. Second, she received wisdom
enabling her to perceive that her intended spouse in the original
nature of creation was not Lucifer but Adam. At that time Eve was
still in the period of immaturity. Therefore, she was immature in her
wisdom compare to the archangel, who had already reached a certain
level of maturity. Thus she received the wisdom of the archangel.
(2) Physical Fall
Adam and Eve should have become husband and wife, eternally centered
on God, after their perfection. However, Eve joined with Adam after
she had the illicit relationship with the archangel in her period of
growth. Adam, too, fell in his growth period. The premature conjugal
relationship thus established between Adam and Eve was centered on
Satan and caused the physical fall.
As mentioned above, Eve obtained, from the spiritual fall with the
archangel, the sense of fear arising from the pangs of her guilty
conscience, and the wisdom to understand that her intended spouse was
not the archangel but Adam. Eve then seduced Adam in the hope
that she might rid herself of the fear derived from the fall and stand
before God by becoming, even then, one body with Adam, who was meant
to be her spouse. This was the motivation behind the physical fall.
Eve, having become one body with the archangel through their illicit
sexual relationship, was in the position of the archangel to Adam.
Therefore, Adam, whom God loved, looked very beautiful to her. Adam
was Eve's only hope for returning to God. Feeling this, Eve tempted
Adam, just as the archangel had tempted her. Adam and Eve formed a
reciprocal base, and through their give and take action, the power of
love drew them closer. This powerful love made Adam leave his original
position and finally caused Eve and him to have an illicit sexual
Adam, by becoming one body with Eve, inherited all the elements Eve
had received from Lucifer, in the same manner she did. These elements
were then transmitted to their descendants. Despite Eve's fall, if
Adam had reached perfection without forming a reciprocal base with the
fallen Eve, he as the perfected subject would have remained intact,
and the providence to restore Eve alone would have been much easier.
However, Adam also fell, and mankind has multiplied in sin to the
present day, thus perpetuating the lineage of Satan.
SECTION III--THE POWER OF LOVE, THE POWER OF THE PRINCIPLE, AND GOD'S
1. THE HUMAN FALL SEEN FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF THE POWER OF LOVE AND THE
POWER OF THE PRINCIPLE
Man was created to live in accordance with the Principle. Therefore,
it cannot be that the power of the Principle would cause the fall, and
throw man off the track. We can compare this to a train which
cannot run off the track by itself. For a train to run off the track,
there must be a breakdown in the engine or the rail, or an external
force stronger than its own running force must collide with it, coming
from a different direction. Likewise, man can fall when a certain
power, stronger than that of the Principle which makes him grow, and
with a different purpose, collides with him. The power which is
stronger than that of the Principle is nothing else but the power of
love. Therefore, man, in an immature state, could fall because of the
power of love, if it was not centered on the Principle.
Why, then, was the power of love stronger than the power of the
Principle, such that man fell when he met with love headed for a
According to the principle of creation, God's love is the subjective
love, manifested through the four position foundation, which is
established by having perfected the three objective purposes through
the three objective loves. Therefore, love is the source of man's life
and happiness, because without God's love, the four position
foundation, which is the purpose of man's creation, could never be
established. God, through love, should have dominion over man, who is
created through the Principle. Therefore, in order that love may have
the greater value, the power of love must be stronger than that of the
Principle. If the power of love were weaker than that of the
Principle, God's love would not be able to dominate man, who was
created through the Principle. Rather, man would be concerned with the
Principle more than with God's love. This was the reason that Jesus
wanted to raise his disciples with the truth and save them with love.
2. THE PURPOSE OF GOD'S GIVING MAN THE COMMANDMENT
What could have been the purpose God's giving Adam and Eve the
commandment not to eat the fruit? If Adam and Eve, who were
not in God's direct dominion of love due to their immaturity, should
enter into a reciprocal relationship with the archangel based on
unprincipled love, they could fall, since the power of love was
stronger than that of the Principle. But, however strong the power of
the archangel's love was, if they had followed God's commandment
without responding to the angel, performing the action of give and
take with God alone, they could not have fallen. In that case, the
power of unprincipled love could not have any effect. Since they
formed a reciprocal base with the archangel and performed give and
take action with him, against God's commandment, the power of illicit
love made them deviate from the Principle.
It was not simply because He wanted to prevent him from falling that
God gave such a commandment to man while he was yet immature. God also
wanted man to enjoy dominion over all creation by having him inherit
His creative nature. Thus, Adam and Eve should have perfected
themselves through their faith in the Word, as their own portion of
responsibility (cf. Part I, Ch. 1, Sec. V, 2.2--55).
God gave this commandment not to the archangel but to man; He sought
to exalt man's dignity and qualification in the principle of creation
so that man might dominate even the archangel from the position of
3. THE PERIOD NECESSITATING THE COMMANDMENT
Would God's commandment not to eat of the fruit have been necessary
forever? Seen from the viewpoint of love, the fulfillment of God's
second blessing is that Adam and Eve enter into God's direct dominion
through His love by becoming husband and wife, centering on God's
love, and multiplying their children (Gen. 1:28). Therefore, man was
created to be allowed, by the Principle, to eat the fruit after his
Since the power of love is stronger than that of the Principle, Adam
and Eve could not have fallen if they had become husband and wife
after their perfection, and entered into God's direct dominion through
their absolute love. (In this case, no man nor any other power could
break the power of the absolute conjugal love. Moreover, the power of
the archangel's love, which is supposed to be lesser and weaker than
man's could by no means have severed their reciprocal love centered on
God. Therefore, God's commandment not to eat of the fruit would have
been necessary for Adam and Eve only in the period of their
SECTION IV--THE RESULT OF THE HUMAN FALL
What was the result brought about in the world of creation, including
man and the archangel, by the spiritual and physical fall of Adam and
Eve? Let us examine this important question.
1. SATAN AND FALLEN MAN
We have previously mentioned that Lucifer, the fallen archangel, was
called Satan. Man fell, becoming Satan's child, because he formed the
four position foundation centered on Satan, thus becoming one body
with him through their blood relationship. Therefore, Jesus said that
fallen men are of their father the devil (John 8:44), and on many
occasions called them the brood of vipers, that is, sons of Satan
(Matt. 3:7, 12:34, 23:33). Romans 8:23 says, "...not only the
creation, but we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit,
groan inwardly as we wait for adoption as sons...". This is because
man could not inherit God's lineage, but inherited Satan's
instead, due to the fall of the first human ancestors.
If Adam and Eve had established the four position foundation centered
on God after having perfected themselves, the world under the
sovereignty of God could have been established at that time. However,
they fell in the period of immaturity, thus forming the four position
foundation centered on Satan. Therefore, the world came under Satanic
sovereignty. John 12:31 says that Satan is the "ruler of this world",
while in II Corinthians 4:4 Satan is called the "god of this world".
This is the manner in which Satan came to dominate man, who had been
created to be the dominator of the whole creation, and thus came to
dominate the creation as well. Therefore, Romans 8:19 says that the
creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of
God. This signifies that all creation, being now under the dominion of
Satan while it should be dominated by perfected men, is anxious to
repel Satan and to see the revealing of the men of the original nature
of creation, who are entitled to dominate all creation in love.
2. SATAN'S ACTIVITIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY
Satan is constantly accusing men before God, just as he did with Job
(Job 1:9-11), in order to put them into hell. However, even Satan
cannot perform this kind of evil action without having an object with
whom to form a reciprocal base for give and take action. The objects
of Satan are the evil spirits in the spirit world. The objects of
these evil spirits are the spirit men of evil men on earth. The
objects of the spirits of evil men on earth are their own physical
bodies. Therefore, Satanic power, conveyed by evil spirits, results in
the evil physical activities of earthly men. Therefore, we read in
Luke 22:3 that Satan entered into Judas Iscariot. Again in Matthew
16:23, Jesus called Peter "Satan". In the Bible, evil spirit
men are called "angels" of the devil (Matt. 25:41).
To restore the earthly Kingdom of Heaven (Part I, Ch. 3, Sec. II--103)
means to realize the world in which Satan can never act, by man's
severing completely his reciprocal base with Satan and restoring his
reciprocal base with God, thus entering in give and take action with
Him. That God keeps Satan in a bottomless pit in the Latter Days
signifies that Satan will be unable to act since he will have lost his
object with which to work. In order for man to be able to cut off his
reciprocal base with Satan and be rightfully able to judge him (I Cor.
6:3), he must know the true character of Satan's crime and accuse him
before God. However, God in creating angels and men, gave them
freedom; and so He cannot restore them by force. Therefore, man should
be able to make Satan come to a natural surrender by exalting the
Word, through the accomplishment of his own portion of responsibility
by his own volition, before he can be restored to the status of a man
of the original nature of creation. The history of the providence of
restoration has been prolonged for such a long time because God is
developing His providence according to such principles.
3. GOOD AND EVIL SEEN FROM THE NATURE OF PURPOSE
We have already defined good and evil in the "Original Value of
Creation" (Part I, Ch. 1, Sec. IV--46). Let us now investigate good
and evil, seen from the nature of purpose. If Adam and Eve had
established the four position foundation centered on God through the
love with which they were originally endowed, they would have realized
the world of goodness. But they realized a world of evil because they
had established the four position foundation centered on Satan through
their love which had a purpose contrary to goodness. Therefore, good
and evil can result from the same action, but have a
different direction and purpose. There are many examples illustrating
that human nature, considered evil, would be good if it pursued the
purpose of God's will. For instance, human desire or ambition, usually
considered evil, is part of the original nature of creation endowed by
God in the beginning. This is true because the purpose of creation was
to obtain joy, and joy can be attained only when desire is fulfilled.
If man had no desire or ambition, he could have no joy. If man had no
desire or ambition, he would have no ambition to receive God's love,
to want to live, to perform good deeds, nor to develop. In this way,
neither God's purpose of creation nor the providence of restoration
could be fulfilled. The maintenance and development of human society,
too, would be impeded.
The original desire of man, being the original nature of creation,
comes to realize goodness if it is fruitful for the purpose of God's
will. On the contrary, if it is fruitful for the purpose of Satan's
will, it results in evil. From this principle, it is self-evident that
even the world of evil, when turned toward the purpose of goodness
centered on Christ, will be restored to perfect goodness, thus
realizing the Kingdom of God on earth (cf. Part I, Ch. 3, Sec. II,
2--105). Accordingly, the providence of salvation is to change the
direction of the fallen world, heading toward the purpose of Satan, to
the direction of the Kingdom of Heaven on earth, in order to realize
God's purpose of creation.
The standard of goodness upheld in the course of this providence is
not absolute but relative. This is because, during a specific age, it
may be considered good to follow the purpose of the sovereign's
ideology, while it is considered evil to go against his purpose. But
once the age and the sovereign change, bringing a different ideology,
the purpose also will change, and with it the standard of good and
evil. In any religion or ideology, it is "good" for the adherents to
follow the purpose defined by the doctrine, while to go
against it is "evil". But for those of a different religion or
ideology, or those who change their beliefs, the standard of good and
evil would naturally differ according to the difference in purpose.
The principal cause behind the conflicts and revolutions which
constantly take place in human society is the change in the standard
of good and evil which occurs, as the purpose sought by men varies.
The standard of goodness in the course of restoration is thus not an
absolute one but a relative one. However, when the sovereignty of
Satan is expelled from the earth, and God, the eternal absolute Being
transcendent of time and space, restores His sovereignty with His
absolute ideology, the purpose determined by the ideology, and the
resultant standard of goodness, will also be absolute. This will be
the world of macrocosmic ideology which will be established by the
Lord of the Second Advent. In fact, human history has been the
struggle in pursuit of the absolute goodness of our original mind's
desire, constantly undergoing conflicts and revolutions. Accordingly,
the conflicts and revolutions which take place in human society will
continue until the world of absolute goodness is established.
4. THE WORKS OF GOOD SPIRITS AND EVIL SPIRITS
"Good spirits" is the collective name for God, good spirit men on His
side, and angels. What we call "evil spirits" are Satan and all the
evil spirit men on his side. The works of good spirits and evil
spirits, as in the case of good and evil, start at the same point in
the same manner but are directed toward different purposes.
Those who are involved in the works of good spirits enjoy an
increasing sense of peace and righteousness; even the physical health
of the individual will improve. The works of evil spirits
make individuals feel an increasing sense of insecurity, fear, and
egoism, even hindering the physical health of the obsessed. Those who
are ignorant of the Principle find it very hard to discern the good or
evil of the spiritual works. With the lapse of time, the results will
reveal the nature of the spirit. However, fallen man, situated halfway
between good (God) and evil (Satan), may sometimes cooperate with the
work of both good and evil spirits. In many cases, even the works of
evil spirits may combine with the works of good spirits after a
certain period. So it is very difficult for people who are ignorant of
the Principle to discern between them. It is a pity that in this age,
many ministers and other religious workers condemn, from ignorance,
the works of good spirits as those of evil spirits, thus going against
God's will without being aware of it. No one in the present day of
such increasing spiritual phenomena can guide men in spiritual
communication unless he can discern between the works of good spirits
and evil spirits.
Sin is the act of violating the heavenly law by establishing a
condition in which one forms a reciprocal base with Satan, and enters
into the action of give and take with him. We can classify human sin
into four kinds. First is man's "original sin", which is the sin
derived from the spiritual and physical fall of the first human
ancestors. Original sin is the root of all sins.
Second is man's "hereditary sin", which is the sin of the ancestors
transmitted to the descendants through blood lineage. The Ten
Commandments state that the sin of the parents will be conveyed
through several generations (Ex. 20:5).
Third is the "collective sin". This is the sin for which everybody is
collectively responsible, even though it is neither his own sin nor a
hereditary sin. An example of this kind of sin is the
crucifixion of Jesus. The chief priests and scribes of the people had
Jesus crucified; therefore, all the Jews have undergone God's
punishment, taking the responsibility as a whole. Likewise, all
mankind has had to suffer and will bear common responsibility until
the Second Advent of the Lord.
Fourth is the "individual sin" which everyone commits himself. As
mentioned above, we call original sin the root of all sins. Hereditary
sin corresponds to the trunk, while collective sin and individual sin
correspond respectively to the branches and leaves of a tree. All sins
come from original sin, which is the root of all sins. Therefore, man
cannot fundamentally liquidate all sins without getting rid of
original sin. However, no one has been able to uncover this root of
sin. Only Christ, the True Parent, who comes as the root of life, can
uncover the root of sin(s) and liquidate it.
6. THE ORIGINAL NATURE OF THE FALL
Eve inherited from the archangel all the characteristics that came
about when the archangel committed a sexual act with Eve against God's
will. Then Adam, who entered into a blood relationship with Eve--who
in turn was in the position of the archangel to him--came to inherit
the same characteristics. In this manner, these characteristics gave
rise to the fallen nature of man. We call these the "original nature
of the fall".
The basic motivation that thus caused the original nature of the fall
lay in the jealousy the archangel felt toward Adam. How could there be
any such thing as jealousy in the archangel, who had been created for
the purpose of goodness? Originally, the archangel was endowed with
wisdom and desire, as the original nature of creation. He could
compare and discern that God's love toward men was greater than that
toward himself. It was quite natural for him to entertain the hope of
receiving greater love than anyone else because he possessed
a spontaneous desire for the greatest love. Such a desire was
automatically conducive to jealousy. Therefore, jealousy was a
by-product of the original nature of creation, like the shadow of a
thing produced by the light.
However, after perfection, man could never fall due to such incidental
desire. He would not dare commit such a crime, because he would know
that the torment he would experience in fear of self-destruction,
after fulfilling such a desire, would be far greater than the
momentary satisfaction he would enjoy by fulfilling it.
The world after the accomplishment of the purpose of creation should
be a systematic society, resembling a man in its form, in which all
men have an integrated relationship with one another. So, the harm
which comes to an individual is felt by the whole. Therefore, the
whole body would keep the individual members from destruction.
Similarly, in the world in which the purpose of creation is fulfilled,
any incidental desire occurring from the original nature of creation
would be used for the development of human society; it could never
cause man to fall.
We may roughly divide the original nature of the fall into four
aspects. The first is the failure to take the standpoint of God in
loving others. The motivation of the archangel's fall lay in his
jealousy of Adam; he did not love him from the same standpoint as God.
This led him to defile Eve. The nature by which a courtier feels
jealous of a King's favorite, instead of loving him from the
standpoint of the king, is another example of the original nature of
The second is to leave one's own position. Lucifer fell by leaving his
position because of an unrighteous desire to enjoy the same position
of love in human society as he did in the angelic world, and due to
his attempt to receive more love from God. Any act that is
performed apart from one's own position and limit, out of an
unrighteous desire, is without exception, a manifestation of this
original nature of the fall.
The third is to reverse the dominion. The angel who was supposed to be
under the dominion of man, dominated Eve, reversing the principled
order. And Eve, who was supposed to be under the dominion of Adam,
dominated him instead. This resulted in the fall. Human society was
thrown out of order by those who left their positions and reversed
their dominions. This resulted because of the third original nature of
The fourth is to multiply the criminal act. If Eve had not multiplied
her crime in Adam before her fall, Adam would have remained intact. To
restore Eve alone would have been easy. However, Eve caused Adam to
fall, multiplying her crime in him. The desire of evil men to induce
their colleague to commit crimes with them also comes from this
original nature of the fall.
SECTION V - Freedom and the Fall
1. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF FREEDOM SEEN FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF THE
In discussing the nature of freedom in light of the Principle, we must
first understand that there is no freedom apart from the Principle.
The word "freedom" expresses collectively both free will and free
action which accompanies it. Because the former and the latter are in
the relation of character and form, perfect freedom is only possible
when these two are combined. Naturally, where there is no free will,
there is no free action.
Free will not followed by free action cannot be perfected. Free action
comes from free will, and free will is the manifestation of one's
original mind. The minds of men of the original nature of creation
cannot operate apart from the Principle, which is the Word of God.
Therefore, there can be no free will apart from the Principle, and
naturally no true free action can follow. We can conclude that, for
men of the original nature of creation, there is no freedom whatsoever
apart from the Principle.
Secondly, there is no freedom unaccompanied by responsibility. Man,
created according to the Principle, is to perfect himself by
accomplishing his portion of responsibility through his own free will
(cf. Part I, Ch. 1, Sec. V, 2.2--55). Accordingly, man, in pursuit of
the purpose of creation, always tries to accomplish his responsibility
according to his free will; therefore, there can be no freedom
unaccompanied by responsibility.
Thirdly, there is no freedom without actual results. The purpose of
man's attempt to accomplish his own portion of responsibility is to
attain the purpose of creation, and thus bring about actual results by
which he can make God happy. Accordingly, freedom always seeks actual
results in the accomplishment of God's purpose of creation. There is
no freedom whatsoever without actual results.
2. FREEDOM AND THE HUMAN FALL
As previously explained, freedom cannot exist apart from the
Principle. Therefore, in accordance with the principle of creation,
freedom is always accompanied by responsibility and it is always in
pursuit of actual results to make God happy. Consequently, free acts
according to free will should always result in goodness. Therefore, it
cannot be that man would fall because of freedom. That is why in II
Corinthians 3:17 it is stated, "The Lord is the Spirit, and
where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.". We call this kind
of freedom "the freedom of the original mind".
Since Adam and Eve had been advised by God not to eat the fruit of the
Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, they should have kept the
commandment in accordance with the freedom of their original mind,
without God's intervention. When Eve was about to deviate from the
Principle, the freedom of her original mind, seeking the actual
results of goodness and responsibility in the Principle, apparently
worked to keep her from going off the track by arousing a sense of
insecurity and fear within her. Even after the fall, this freedom of
the original mind surely worked to have man return to God. Therefore,
man could not have fallen due to the freedom of the original mind. On
the contrary, the human fall had its fundamental cause in the fact
that the power of the non-principled love was stronger than the
directive power of the freedom of the original mind. After all, man
lost his freedom because of the fall. However, God can work His
providence of restoring man's freedom because man, though fallen,
still has a remainder of his original nature which seeks freedom in
God. It is sound proof of man's progress toward restoring this
freedom, long lost due to Satan, that, as time goes by, man's zeal for
the pursuit of freedom grows, and he seeks it even at the risk of his
life. Therefore, the purpose of man's search for freedom is to
accomplish the purpose of creation by bringing about actual results,
and to accomplish his responsibility in the Principle through his free
action in accordance with his free will.
3. FREEDOM, THE FALL, AND RESTORATION
Angels were created to minister to men. Thus, men were free to deal
with the angels. However, Eve, at the time of her temptation,
was still immature both in wisdom and in heart, Thus, when Eve was
blinded in wisdom (knowledge) and confused in heart (feeling) by the
temptation of the angel, she was forced to go beyond the line of fall
even though she felt anxiety due to the freedom of her original mind,
which was in pursuit of actual results and responsibility. This is
because the power of love with the angel was stronger than the freedom
of her original mind. However free Eve may have been to deal with the
angel, she should have believed in God's commandment not to eat the
fruit, thus restraining herself from responding to the temptation of
the angel. Had Eve restrained herself, she would not have fallen. In
that case, the power of the non-principled love with the angel could
not have been generated. Despite the fact that freedom allowed Eve to
respond to the angel, leading her to the line of fall, it was by no
means freedom but the power of non-principled love that made her
overstep the line of fall.
Since man was created to deal with the angels in freedom, Eve came to
deal with Lucifer. By Eve's performing give and take action with him
on a reciprocal base, they fell into non-principled love, and the
power of this love caused them to fall. On the contrary, fallen man
can also stand in the objective position to God in freedom. Therefore,
if man performs the action of give and take with God on a reciprocal
base according to the truth, he can restore the original nature of
creation by the power of principled love. Man came to cry for freedom
because of the directional nature of the freedom of his original mind,
which seeks to restore the original nature of creation.
Man, due to the fall, became ignorant of God and of His heart.
Therefore, human will, due to ignorance, could not take a direction
with which God could be pleased. However, in fallen man the
"heart-and-zeal" for the freedom of the original mind directed toward
the purpose of creation has been renewed, as spirit (internal
knowledge) and truth (external knowledge) have developed
according to the age in the providence of restoration. Subsequently,
man's heart-and-zeal toward God has also been restored, heightening
his desire to live in accordance with God's will.
As man's volition for the restoration of freedom is cultivated, he
naturally seeks to create the social circumstances in which he can
realize freedom. Social revolution is unavoidable when the
circumstances of the age cannot satisfy the desires of the men
belonging to the age. The French Revolution in the 18th century is a
representative example. Revolution will continue until the freedom of
the original nature of creation is restored completely.
SECTION VI--THE REASON GOD DID NOT INTERFERE WITH THE FIRST HUMAN
ANCESTORS' FALLEN ACT
God, being omniscient and omnipotent, foresaw the possibility of the
fallen act of the first human ancestors. He did not lack the power to
prevent Adam and Eve from committing the act. Why, then, did God not
intervene to prevent the act of the fall when He foresaw it? This is
one of the most important questions, but has been left unsolved
throughout human history. We can give the following three points as
the reasons God did not interfere with man's fallen act.
1. FOR THE SAKE OF THE ABSOLUTENESS AND PERFECTION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF
According to the principle of creation, God created man so that, by
inheriting His creative nature, man might dominate all things even as
God dominates mankind. However, man must perfect himself by
accomplishing his portion of responsibility in order to
inherit God's creative nature. We call this period of growth the
"sphere of indirect dominion", or the "sphere of dominion over the
result of the Principle". While men are in this sphere, God does not
dominate them; instead, He seeks to have them fulfill their portion of
responsibility. God is to dominate men directly only after their
perfection. If God should interfere with their acts during the growth
period, it would amount to God's ignoring man's portion of
responsibility. In that case, God Himself would be ignoring the
principle of creation, in which He exalts man as the dominator of all
things by giving him a creative nature. If the Principle should be
ignored, the absoluteness and perfection of the Principle would be
lost. Since God is the Creator, both absolute and perfect, the
principle of creation which He set forth should also be absolute and
perfect. Therefore, God could not interfere with the act of the fall
while men were in the period of growth, for the sake of the
absoluteness and perfection of the principle of creation.
2. IN ORDER THAT GOD ALONE BE THE CREATOR
God intervenes with beings or acts only within the Principle, but He
does not interfere with beings or acts outside the Principle and thus
not of His creation. Therefore, if God interferes with any such being
or act, that being or act becomes recognized as part of the Principle.
When viewed from this standpoint, if God had intervened in the fallen
act of the first human ancestors, it would have meant that even the
act of the fall would have been given the value of creation, and that
this sinful act would have been recognized as part of the Principle.
If so, it would have caused God to set up a new principle which would
have called for His recognizing the sinful act as an act of the
Principle. Since Satan initiated this process, this means that Satan
would have created a new principle, making himself a creator along
with God. In order that God alone be the Creator, He could
not interfere with the act of the fall.
3. IN ORDER TO SET UP MAN AS THE DOMINATOR OF ALL THINGS
God created man and blessed him, and set him up to be the dominator of
all things (Gen. 1:28). In order for man to dominate all things as God
desired, he should have possessed certain qualifications as a lord
because he could only dominate others from a position superior to
Just as God was qualified to dominate all men because He was the
Creator, man had to have the creativity of God in order to be
qualified as the dominator of all things. Therefore, God made man to
perfect himself by accomplishing his own portion of responsibility
through the period of his growth, in order to qualify him as the
dominator of all things. Therefore, man should possess the qualities
of dominion that can be obtained only by perfecting himself through
such a course in the Principle, before he can dominate all things. If
God directly dominated and interfered with man in the period of his
immaturity, it would result in making him the dominator of all things
when he was not yet qualified to be a dominator, for he did not have
the creativity of God, and had not accomplished his portion of
responsibility. It would be a contradiction to deal with an immature
man and a perfect man on an equal basis. More than that, this would
ignore the principle of creation which He set up in order to make man
dominator of all things by giving him even His power of creativity.
Therefore, God, who made the world according to the Principle, could
not interfere with the act of the fall of the immature man, who was
still in the sphere of indirect dominion, in order that He could later
set man up in the position of dominator over all things.