The Tradition, Book One
Reverend Chung Hwan Kwak
Shimjung Candles* have the ability to diminish Satan's power. As they
burn, the spiritual atmosphere changes, becoming more pure and holy.
When we use them, we comfort God's heart. He recognizes that we are
striving to become His true sons and daughters and to help Him
ultimately to fulfill His original will.
On January 5, 1966, True Father gathered the president and nine
regional leaders. of the Korean church and, after explaining their
significance, bequeathed one candle and one box of matches to each.
Father referred to these as Shimjung Candles.
Format Used by True Father To Bequeath
Shimjung Candles and Matches
Materials and Preparation
Ten new candles and ten boxes of matches were purchased and sanctified
with Holy Salt in preparation for endowment to the ten leaders. In
addition, one candle holder was used.
Sanctifying the Candles
True Father divided the ten new candles into three piles and placed
them (horizontally) in the formation of the three positions shown in
diagram 15.2, and prayed.
His Shimjung Candle was set in the candle holder, placed in God's
position, and lit with a Shimjung Match. After praying he took this
candle (while it was still burning) and held it for a few moments
the piles of candles which occupied each of the other three positions
according to the following format: Adam, Eve, Child. He replaced his
Shimjung Candle in God's position again and prayed.
The proper name for these candles is "Shimjung" although they
have often been referred to as "Heart of God" (or "Heartle")
candles in the past.
Bequeathing the Candles.
Father distributed one of the sanctified candles to each leader and
prayed. All leaders stood side by side in a line directly in front of
True Father and each held the candle in his two hands (diagram 15.1).
Father lit his own candle with one of the Shimjung Matches.
He prayed as follows, although these are not his exact words:
After Adam fell, he lost the source of his real life and love
(Shimjung). Man has continued to fail You in heart. Because of
this failure, You have had to engage in restoring fallen people.
Keeping in mind Your suffering heart, each of us desire to occupy
the position of restored Adam. Please feel our determination to
restore all things.
Whenever these Shimjung Candles are burned, may the flame they
produce comfort Your heart, and remind You of our dedication to
accomplish Your will. Whenever we burn them and pray, may we
further strengthen our determination to restore ourselves.
True Father then asked each to extinguish his candle (for the
traditional method, refer to this chapter: Extinguishing Candles), and
also extinguished his own.
Sanctifying the Matches
In order to prepare to bequeath the Shimjung Matches, Father also
divided the new boxes of matches into three groups and placed them in
each of the positions shown in diagram 15.2. His box of Shimjung
Matches occupied God's position.
In much the same way as the new candles were sanctified, Father took
his box of Shimjung Matches and briefly touched it on the boxes in
each of the positions. He prayed that the new matches would become
Bequeathing the Matches.
Father placed one match from his box of Shimjung Matches into each of
the boxes before handing out the boxes. Each leader accepted his box
of Shimjung Matches with two hands (refer to chapter 1, Attendance
Etiquette: Accepting Gifts and Money for the traditional method of
Bequeathing Shimjung Candles and Matches
This section explains the preparation and procedure to follow in
bequeathing a "seed" Shimjung Candle and Shimjung Matches to another
If a member has already received a "seed" Shimjung Candle and Shimjung
Matches and needs instructions on preparing them for use, refer to
Multiplying Shimjung Candles and Matches, in this chapter.
Who May Bequeath Shimjung Candles and Matches
A leader who has previously received a Shimjung Candle and Shimjung
Matches from an elder member in the church may bestow both candles and
matches, following the above pattern established by Father.
Major leaders and IWs, as well as national and missionary leaders, may
conduct such ceremonies on an individual, departmental, national, or
regional level. The director of a national Blessed Family Department
or the director of the International Blessed Family Department may
also hold ceremonies to bequeath candles.
Who May Inherit a Shimjung Candle and Matches
Basically, leaders should not bequeath Shimjung Candles and Matches
until members have displayed a level of spiritual maturity and
responsibility. Although it is not necessary for a member to be
blessed to receive a Shimjung Candle and Matches, it is suggested that
in most cases, leaders bequeath the candle and matches after a member
has participated in an engagement or Blessing.
When to Hold the Ceremony
Although the time to hold such a ceremony is left to the discretion of
the leader, two possible opportunities would be directly after a
Blessing ceremony, or at a special meeting (e.g., internal guidance
Holy Salt all materials before use.
Either purchase one candle and a box or book of matches for each
person who will inherit the Shimjung Candle and Matches, or have each
person bring his/her own candle and matches to the ceremony.
Candles must be new; the shape does not matter, but for convenience
sake they should be five to six inches in length or longer. Although
Father never mentioned the color, white or light yellow are the
Either books or boxes of matches may be purchased.
The following describes how a leader should sanctify the candles
before he or she bequeaths them to members. This portion of the
ceremony can be done either in front of the members or, if the candles
and matches were prepared by the leader (and the members were not
asked to bring a candle and box or book of matches), it can be
fulfilled before the members gather to inherit their Shimjung Candles
Shimjung Candles and Matches should be sanctified according to the
section on Sanctifying the Candles, which describes the method True
Father used. Several differences are noted below.
Preparing to Bequeath Less than Four Candles.
In bequeathing between one and three candles, a leader should use
either four candle holders or dishes.
If candle holders are used, place the "seed" Shimjung Candle in God's
position and the three new candles in the positions of Adam, Eve, and
Child according to diagram 15.2.
After the "seed" Shimjung Candle is lit with a "seed" Shimjung Match
(diagram 15.3) the candle should be used to light the new candles in
the other positions according to this order: Adam, Eve, Child (diagram
If not all candles were bequeathed after sanctification, the leader
should keep and use them for this purpose in the future, if possible.
However, it is not absolutely necessary to do this; the leader may
select to use such candles for his or her own purpose.
Preparing to Bequeath Four or More Candles.
There are several basic ways of preparing to bequeath four or more
Sanctify the new candles with Holy Salt. Make groups of equal numbers
of candles and place them (horizontally) in the three positions of
Adam, Eve, and Child. The "seed" Shimjung Candle should be placed in a
candle holder in God's position.
ONLY the "seed" Shimjung Candle should be lit (use a Shimjung Match).
The other candles will symbolically be "lit" when the burning "seed"
Shimjung Candle is placed above the candles in each position for a few
Sanctify the new candles with Holy Salt. The leader may sanctify them
simply by praying over all candles.
Holy Salt should be used to sanctify all candles. If hundreds of
people attend the ceremony, instead of collecting all candles for
sanctification, the leader may simply offer a prayer as all members
stand in the rows holding their candles in preparation to inherit the
light from the leader's "seed" Shimjung Candle.
No matter which of the above categories pertains, the leader should
pray based on the contents of the following:
In the name of the Holy Father, Holy Son and Holy Spirit and
True Parents, I want to bless these candles with the power
and significance of the Shimjung Candle initially made by
True Father passed through my Shimjung Candle. I pray that
this be done through Your Will.
Members should line up side by side in rows. Unless sanctification was
done according to number three (in the above section), the leader
should pass out one candle to each member in attendance. Each member
should hold his/her candle between two hands (indicated in diagram
15.1. Hold a candle between two hands
Walking down the row(s), the leader should light all candles from his
or her Shimjung, Candle.
When the Shimjung Candles are burning, the leader should return to
his/her place, face the members and pray, as follows:
In the name of the Holy Father, Holy Son and Holy Spirit and True
Parents, I want to bless these candles with the power and
significance of the Shimjung Candle initially made by True Father
passed through my Shimjung Candle. l pray that this be done
through Your Will.
In the name of the Holy Father, Holy Son and Holy Spirit and True
Parents, I pray that You bequeath the power of the Shimjung
Candle to each member here according to Heavenly Father's and
True Parents' victorious foundation.
Shimjung Matches are bestowed in the same fashion Father used. Each
member in attendance may receive one box or book of matches.
They may be sanctified in one of the three ways outlined above. (Refer
to the section on "Preparing to Bequeath Four or More Candles.")
Father put one of his Shimjung Matches in each of the boxes during the
original ceremony he held. If it is possible, leaders should follow
this same pattern, placing Shimjung Matches from boxes of multiplied
matches in each of the boxes to be distributed, but not from their box
of "seed" Shimjung Matches.
The leader should bequeath Shimjung Matches by handing one book or box
to each member.
Inheriting Shimjung Candles and Matches
How to Inherit a Shimjung Candle and Matches
Members may inherit Shimjung Candles and Matches from leaders or
spiritual parents who have previously received a Shimjung Candle and
Shimjung Matches from an elder church member.
Members must inherit their Shimjung Candle and Matches from a "seed"
Shimjung Candle and Matches in person. The leader must (according to
the description in the above section) bequeath Shimjung Candles and
Matches by lighting the candle of each participant in the ceremony
with his/her "seed" Shimjung Candle, and through the flame, pass on
the significance of the Shimjung Candle tradition.
As the leader bequeaths a box of Shimjung matches, it should be
received with two hands (refer to chapter 1, Attendance: Accepting
Gifts and Money, for the traditional method of receiving gifts.)
Multiplying Shimjung Candles and Matches
This section does not explain how a member obtains his or her own
"seed" Shimjung Candle and Matches.
If a member has received them, this section will explain how to make
Necessary Materials and Preparation.
Candles and matches.
In order to multiply a Shimjung Candle and Matches, three new candles
are purchased (white or light yellow are the suggested colors), at
least five or six inches in length (for convenience), as well as three
new boxes or books of matches.
Sanctify them with Holy Salt.
Candle holders are also needed to perform this ceremony. They need not
If possible, at least one candle holder should be obtained (in which
the "seed" Shimjung Candle will be placed). If candle holders are
unavailable or too expensive, it is possible to use dishes and a
separate candle (color is optional) and matches to make a wax base
which will allow the candle to be upright during this procedure. (None
of these items need to be new.)
If dishes are used, take the separate candle and matches (not the new
candles and matches to be multiplied), light it, and drip some hot wax
on one dish. Before the wax completely hardens, place the "seed"
Shimjung Candle in it, making sure the candle will stand securely.
This procedure is then repeated with the candles to be multiplied,
always using the separate candle and matches to produce the wax base.
It is also possible to use small bowls filled with rice or beans to
support the candles.
Shimjung Candles are multiplied three at a time. First a four position
foundation is formed by placing the three new candles and the "seed"
Shimjung Candle according to diagram 15.2.
Then a prayer is offered, beginning with the following words, "In the
name of the Holy Father, Holy Son and Holy Spirit, and True Parents, I
want to multiply my Shimjung Candle . . ."
15.2. Positions for multiplying the Shimjung Candle
15.3. Light the "seed" Shimjung Candle with a Shimjung Match
15.4. "Seed" Shimjung Candle is taken from God's position to light
the new candles in the positions of Adam, Eve and Child
Light the "seed" Shimjung candle with a Shimjung Match
(diagram 15.3) and use the Shimjung Candle to light the
other candles (diagram 15.4) in the following manner: Adam,
Eve, Child. Afterwards, place the Shimjung Candle in its
original position (God's position) (diagram 15.5).
15.5. Replace "seed" Shimjung Candle in God's position
While the candles are burning, pray according to the following
I would like to make these new candles become Shimjung Candles in
the name of God, True Parents, and my name. Heavenly Father, I
ask that You be here. Let the heart of True Parents who made
Shimjung Candles and endowed them to their disciples be here now.
Whenever these Shimjung Candles are lit, let the foundation of
God's victory expand and chase the power of Satan away. Spread a
heavenly atmosphere whenever they are lit.
Boxes or books of matches are also multiplied three at a time.
According to diagram 15.2, the three new boxes/books of matches are to
be placed in the different positions and the "seed" Shimjung, Matches
placed in God's position.
Offer a prayer beginning with, "In the name of Holy Father, Holy Son
and Holy Spirit and True Parents, I want to multiply my Shimjung
Matches . . ."
Take the box of "seed" Shimjung Matches from God's position and
briefly place it on top of each of the other boxes in the following
manner: Adam, Eve, Child (indicated in diagram 15.4). Afterwards,
place the box of "seed" Shimjung Matches in God's position once again
Offer a simple prayer if desired.
If the "Seed" Shimjung Candle Becomes Too Short
In the event that the "seed" Shimjung Candle becomes too short and is
no longer able to be used to multiply more candles, keep it as a
remembrance and simply use a previously multiplied Shimjung Candle to
multiply more candles as needed.
Each candle should be extinguished in the same order it was lit (i.e.,
Adam, Eve, Child). End by extinguishing the "seed" Shimjung Candle .
Father has taught us to extinguish candles between our two fingers
(diagram 15.6). Use that method whenever possible. On some occasions,
however, it is more appropriate to blow out candles (e.g., candles on
a birthday cake).
15.6. Traditional way of extinguishing the flame
Using Shimjung Candles and Matches
Shimjung Candles should always be lit with Shimjung Matches
Uses for Shimjung Candles
Father explained that Shimjung Candles can be burned during prayer at
a ceremony or whenever an individual offers a special prayer
condition. Blessed families and church centers may use them during
national or international prayer conditions.
In addition, when offering God special gratitude for certain
blessings, it is also appropriate to burn the Shimjung Candle during
Shimjung Candles may be lit during evening prayer services in either a
family or center situation.
Father has taught that these candles can be used at Pledge services,
during the ceremony to begin married life, at birthday celebrations,
and (as one of the options) during the Eight Day Dedication Ceremony.
Suggestions for Use During Three Day Ceremony.
If a blessed couple decides to use Shimjung Candles during the Three
Day Ceremony, following the description of the multiplication
procedure given in this chapter, three new candles may be multiplied
and a new one used during each of the three days.
Another possibility is to use only one (newly multiplied) Shimjung,
Candle during the ceremonies all three days.
Shimjung Matches may be newly multiplied for this ceremony, although
it is not necessary. It is suggested that only one box be used (as
opposed to multiplying three and using a new one each of the three
Storing Shimjung Candles and Matches
"Seed" Shimjung Candles and Matches
IMPORTANT: These candles and matches should be clearly marked as
Shimjung Candles and Matches and kept separate from all other candles.
Shimjung, Birth, and Ae Chun Candles (and Matches) are extremely
different in purpose and use and must not be mixed up.
It is suggested that the "seed" Shimjung, Candle and Matches
bequeathed to a couple never be burned completely. It should be
labeled as the "seed" Shimjung Candle and Matches and be stored away.
When it becomes necessary to make more Shimjung Candles and Matches,
the "seed" candle and matches should always be used and placed in
God's position during the multiplication ceremony. (Refer to the
appropriate sections in this chapter for detailed instructions.)
If the "seed" candle is no longer usable, one may wish to simply use
one of the previously multiplied Shimjung Candles to make more; place
this candle in God's position when multiplying more
Newly Multiplied Candles
Use one or more of the three newly multiplied candles as needed. The
additional one or two candles and boxes of matches should be clearly
marked as Shimjung Candles and Shimjung Matches and placed in
safekeeping until needed.
As with the Birth and Ae Chun Candles, small pieces of the candles may
eventually be discarded after they are too small to use.
Candles and Matches Used for Three Day Ceremony
After completion of the entire ceremony, the Shimjung Candle(s) and
box of matches should be marked, stored away, and not used for any
For definitions of the terms "seed", bequeath, inherit, and multiply
please refer to the appendix